A research approach might be basic or applied depending on its goal or utility. While applied research concentrates on offering workable answers to particular issues by examining empirical evidence, basic research strives to further knowledge by developing new ideas and revising current ones. These methodologies have various places of convergence and divergence; thus, it is important for every researcher to comprehend them well. In this article, we will discuss the main distinctions between basic and applied research procedures while also showing certain commonalities.
What is Basic Research?
Basic research is a wholly theoretical research strategy with the goal of enhancing or extending the body of knowledge in a certain area of study. It emphasises the acquisition of knowledge and is motivated mostly by curiosity and the desire to discover the uncharted.
It is a systematic examination designed to get better and more in-depth insights into the research topic or phenomenon. This type of research is often referred to as pure research.
What is Applied Research?
The goal of applied research is to concentrate on offering workable solutions to a particular issue. It is a type of research that comprises problem-solving inquiries into a phenomenon, a subject of study, or a research topic using empirical approaches.
Applied research is mostly follow-up research on basic research because it explores the results of basic or pure research to validate these discoveries and use them to develop original answers to particular issues.
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What are the differences between basic and applied research?
Applied research is an approach that develops practical answers for particular situations. On the other hand, basic research is a methodology that tries to further knowledge in a subject of study.
Basic research’s goal is the creation of new knowledge, whereas applied research seeks to find solutions to practical problems. Basic research aims to expand the boundaries of knowledge by developing fresh ideas or revising old ones.
In contrast to this, applied research by gathering and examining empirical data focuses primarily on developing solutions to issues to produce reliable study findings.
Basic and applied research differ in their attributes due to the different approaches towards research. The goal of basic research is to further science’s understanding of a subject or particular natural occurrence, mainly in the natural sciences.
In a nutshell, basic research is the process of learning for the sake of learning. Basic research is entirely theoretical and focuses on the validation of hypotheses and fundamental principles. It frequently comprehends fundamental laws.
Generalisation and the development of theories regarding human behavior are topics of basic research. It is geared toward gathering data that is generally applicable. So, basic research contributes to the expansion of already known knowledge.
Applied research is research that involves applying the scientific method to actual situations. It aims to create novel technology and offer a solution to the relevant practical issues.
In more precise words, it is research that can be used in practical settings. In order to connect the findings to the related situations, it investigates a specific range of circumstances. Applied research is common in business studies, socio-economic and political research.
2- Knowledge-specific vs solution-driven
The key difference between basic and applied research is that the former is knowledge specific, whereas the latter is solution driven. Each form of research has a certain goal that it is attempting to accomplish.
Basic research prioritises knowledge expansion over problem-solving. However, applied research focuses its efforts on identifying a fix for a particular issue.
In applied research, researchers frequently assist clients and are motivated by their needs. Basic research typically originates from an individual’s desire to learn more about a subject.
3- Enhance Current Knowledge vs Acquire new knowledge
The fundamental difference between basic and applied research is that the former seeks to expand existing knowledge, whereas the latter focuses on the acquisition of new information. Researchers perform basic research out of curiosity, and they aim to address any knowledge gaps that may exist. This kind of study aims to increase knowledge and form hypotheses. The goal of applied research is to learn new facts. When basic research gives applied research a solid understanding to build on, the two frequently overlap.
Basic and applied research differs in their outcomes. The implications of basic research are theoretical, whereas the outcomes of applied research are practical. The outcomes generated through applied research help researchers and practitioners devise practical solutions to a problem.
Basic research has universal applicability, and it has a broader scope than applied research. Applied research has a specific scope, and it is applicable to devising solutions for any specific problem. Applied research has a specific utility as compared to basic research.
What are the similarities between basic and applied research methods?
1- Data Collection Methods
Data collection methods of both basic and applied research are similar. Both methods use the similar techniques for data collection. The common methods include using surveys, questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions for data collection.
2- Basic Research builds the foundation for applied research
The outcomes and findings of basic research build the foundation for applied research. Basic research leads to the discovery of theories or hypotheses that applied researchers can use to find practical solutions to a problem.
3- Inductive and Deductive reasoning
Basic and applied research uses inductive and deductive reasoning to arrive at conclusions. Deductive reasoning involves moving from general to specific, whereas inductive reasoning entails moving from specific observations to generalisations.
Understanding the similarities and contrasts between applied and basic research methodologies is crucial for researchers. The goal of the research, or what it is intended to accomplish, is the main distinction between basic and applied research.
In addition to the research’s objective, applied and basic research differs from one another in terms of their contexts and their findings. However, to produce objective results, both research approaches use similar data collection techniques, such as observation and interviews.
Researchers can conduct basic research first to develop a strong foundation for applied research.