Writing and Speaking

What a Resume is and How it Differs From a CV

Have you ever wondered why certain firms require a resume while others require curriculum vitae? Have you been mixing and matching the two? Many people are confused about the differences between a CV and a resume. The majority of people are unsure how to utilize the two. While they usually agree by utilizing the same material, they don’t necessarily mean the same thing.


The meaning of this Latin term is Curriculum Viteza translates to ‘course of life,’ and it is an extensive document that can span numerous pages. The most important subjects discussed in it are education and achievements. The distinction between a CV and a resume stems from the fact that the material of a CV must be organized chronologically. A CV is static, and the order and placements of the accomplishments are not changed. There is no limit on the number of pages in a CV. It might be as short as two pages or as long as 10 pages. The length of a CV is determined by a person’s experience rather than the job description or objective.

There are Three Distinct CV formats to choose from:

Chronological CV

This is the most frequent curriculum vitae structure, and it begins with your most recent employment and works its way backward. If you have past job experience and want to showcase your talents and project experience, use a chronological CV.

Functional CV

Also known as a skills-based resume, this style focuses on your skills and work experience rather than your employment history in chronological order. While a functional resume isn’t as common as a chronological resume, it can be useful if you’ve never worked before, have gaps in your work experience, or are looking to change careers.

Combination CV

This format combines both CV formats presented above. By using a hybrid CV, you can showcase your skills while providing a chronological employment history.

A CV is a document that summarizes your educational background, professional experience, and abilities. The length of your resume also depends on your years of study. However, it may be limited to a single page for the majority of candidates.

In General, there are Four Different Types of Resumes

Chronological Resume

Like a chronological CV, a chronological resume presents your job history in descending chronological sequence, beginning with your most recent employment. A chronological resume is a typical format used by many hiring managers.

Functional Resume

In this structure, abilities, and experience take precedence over work history. If you’re changing fields or have minimal job experience, a functional resume structure is excellent.

A Mixed Resume

Is it a combination of chronological and functional styles? Before describing your career history in descending chronological order, this resume style promotes your abilities and expertise.

Targeted Resume

A targeted resume is a document that is tailored to a specific job vacancy and highlights your credentials and expertise. Because it is personalized to one prospective employer at a time, a focused resume usually necessitates more effort.

The Difference

The quick explanation is that it is too long. CVs are more descriptive and lengthier than resumes. A resume is a one- to two-page document that emphasizes why you’re qualified for a certain position. Curriculum vitae (CV) is a detailed account of your professional history and achievements.

Composing a CV

CV stands for curriculum vitae, which in Latin means “course of life.” A CV is far lengthier than a resume, as one might anticipate from a document that lays out the path of one’s life. A CV may easily outnumber a resume’s two-page restriction. Your CV is a thorough recap of your career, whereas your resume is a quick description of your professional history. It includes thorough information on your accomplishments, education, publications, awards, and other professional achievements. It’s generally written in the order of events. Your CV, unlike a resume, isn’t tailored to the job you’re looking for. Your CV simply needs to be updated as you earn new experience or certifications because it is quite objective. As a result, the longer your career, the longer you’re CV.

Aspects of Your CV that You Might Want to Include:

  • A concise summary statement
  • A thorough work history
  • Honors, awards, and grants received
  • Professional licenses or certificates
  • Projects involving science or research
  • Information about your master’s or doctoral thesis or dissertation
  • Academic presentations, speaking engagements, and other similar activities
  • Books, articles, and other publications
  • Associations of professionals
  • Recommendation letters/references

Composing a Resume

Your resume is a short document that tells recruiters and hiring managers why you’re the best candidate for a specific position. It’s composed to persuade the recruiter that you’re the best candidate for the position. Certified professional resume writers say it should be brief, no more than two pages, however keeping it to a single page is strongly advised. Your CV should include a summary of your most current and/or relevant professional experience. It should be tailored to each job you apply for the greatest outcomes. You should adapt your CV to reflect the fact that no two job descriptions are alike.

Do Recruiters Prefer Resumes or CVs?

Resumes are the most commonly used document in North America for evaluating candidates for most jobs. CVs are normally only necessary for positions that demand additional information about your credentials and work experiences, such as academic and research positions, or professions that require a high level of technical knowledge. CVs are far more frequent outside of North America. You should have a CV if you’re seeking foreign jobs in Europe or the Middle East.

Is it Necessary for You to Prepare Both Documents?

It is dependent on the field in which you operate. A thorough CV is not required for most professionals. Unless you’re applying for a job in academia, research, science, or another technical field, you’re unlikely to be required to submit a CV. A résumé should be sufficient to get you through your career. However, having a thorough CV for your reference is always a good idea.

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