Stock Brokers are intermediaries in between the stock purchasers and sellers. They either function as a representative for their clients or as an agent for themselves. In case of self-trading, they make money on the spread between buying and selling price of a particular stock. Their responsibility is to ensure that all the trading activities are carried out in an ethical manner and as per the guidelines laid down by the regulatory bodies.
The job of a broker is to make sure that financial information is conveyed properly to every party involved in a trade transaction. This helps in bringing transparency to the entire process of share market trading. A Stock Broker Certificate in India is issued by SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India). This certificate gives recognition to brokers who are qualified in this field.
A stockbroker is required to have the following qualities:
- The stockbrokers must have a friendly and approachable manner.
- They must be able to listen and understand their customers’ needs as well as requirements and recommend the best investment products in line with the customer’s goals, abilities and limitations.
- Must be comfortable to work with different types of people from all backgrounds.
- They must be able to analyze their customer’s financial situation and risk tolerance levels.
- The stockbrokers must be familiar with different investment products such as stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and commodities.
- They must be good at research and analysis as they are required to follow up on market trends and industry news daily.
- The stockbrokers must be able to communicate effectively with others in meetings, over the phone, or through email.
A stockbroker is required to have the following Skills:
- Analytical and creative skills: While a broker is not required to have in-depth knowledge of the stock market, it is necessary that he/she has good analytical abilities. The person should have the ability to think on their feet and come up with innovative ideas.
- Communication skills: Verbal and written communication skills are important for a broker. A broker will be required to interact with different clients and understand their needs better. It is essential that he/she has good communication skills for this purpose
- Interpersonal skills: A broker needs to deal with several people on a daily basis. Hence, strong interpersonal skills are required to handle these interactions effectively
- Researching skills: Researching skills are also an important requirement for a stockbroker as they will be required to conduct research on financial markets, stocks, bonds etc.
- Good mathematical skill: A stockbroker also needs to have good math skills
- as they need to make calculations regarding different securities
What will be the Procedure for stock broker Registration?
The stock brokers may register themselves as a member of any recognized stock exchange, in accordance with its bye-laws and rules. The registration of a stock broker is valid for a period of five years from the date of registration. The Stock Broker will have to apply to the concerned Stock Exchange for membership in Form A. The form shall be accompanied by a certificate from a practicing Chartered Accountant that he has obtained adequate net worth as specified under Regulation 2(1)(d). On receipt of the application, the intending member of the registered stock broker shall pay joining fee along with other charges as determined by the exchange.
The documents for stockbroker registration is as follows:
The stockbroker registration must apply to the SEBI for obtaining a certificate of registration in Form A along with the following documents:
- An application in Form A and the fee specified in Schedule III;
- Proof of qualification as specified in Schedule IV;
- After that, Proof of address of business premises;
- After that, Details of infrastructure facilities available at the office of the stockbroker;
- Details of net worth and assets;
- Details regarding litigation or legal proceedings against the applicant in India or abroad;
- Audit report relating to net worth prepared by a Chartered Accountant (CA); and
- An undertaking that he shall not undertake any other business except that specified in section 12 (1) (a).