Health and Medical

Causes of hyperpigmentation

How to reduce and prevent hyperpigmentation

Causes of hyperpigmentation

The causes of hyperpigmentation depend on the type. The maximum commonplace causes of hyperpigmentation are:

Sun exposure

The body produces greater melanin to protect the skin from prolonged publicity to the solar. This can cause dark spots or patches at the skin called age spots or sunspots.

Skin inflammation

Areas of skin can darken after humans have had inflammation of the pores and skin. This can encompass pimples, eczema, lupus, or an injury to the pores and skin. People with darker pores and skin are more likely to expand post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.


Darker patches of pores and skin can shape when people enjoy hormonal modifications. This kind of hyperpigmentation is commonplace in the course of pregnancy.

Reactions to drug use

Certain medications, including antimalarial tablets and tricyclic antidepressants, can purpose hyperpigmentation. In those instances, patches of pores and skin can also flip grey.

Chemicals in topical remedies also can every now and then reason hyperpigmentation.

Medical situations

More serious causes of hyperpigmentation treatment include Addison’s disease and hemochromatosis.

Addison’s disease affects the adrenal glands. It can purpose hyperpigmentation in positive areas of the frame, including:

  • folds of skin
  • lips
  • elbows and knees
  • knuckles
  • feet
  • interior of the cheek

Other signs and symptoms of Addison’s disease consist of:

  • fatigue and vulnerable muscle tissues
  • nausea
  • vomiting and diarrhea
  • weight reduction
  • stomach ache
  • dizziness

An individual ought to see their physician if they observe any of these symptoms.

Hemochromatosis is an inherited condition that reasons the frame to include too much iron. It can reason hyperpigmentation, making the skin appear darker or tanned.

A Individuals need to see their doctor in the event that they observe the following signs and symptoms of hemochromatosis:

  • fatigue
  • stomach pain
  • joint ache
  • weight loss

Hyperpigmentation and melasma

Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation that affects the skin. It is a type of hyperpigmentation that affects the face and covers a bigger area of pores and skin than other types of hyperpigmentation.

It mostly affects women, with only 10% of the time affecting men. Other types of hyperpigmentation affect both men and women in the same way. Melasma is more common in persons with darker pores and skin, and it can also run in families.

Doctors are nonetheless unsure about what reasons melasma, however, an exchange in hormones can once in a while trigger it.

Pregnancy and taking birth control drugs can each reason melasma. Doctors on occasion name melasma the “mask of being pregnant,” as it could reason darker pores and skin on the face. When a person is not pregnant, or they stop taking delivery manage pills, the melasma normally disappears.

Melasma can disappear on its own, but without discoloration cream, it could now not. People can fade or reduce melasma within the same methods as they would different styles of hyperpigmentation.


People with hyperpigmentation can see a medical doctor, who can be able to pick out the kind and motive. A health practitioner can also take a small sample of skin, or a biopsy, to decide the purpose of the hyperpigmentation.

Doctors can typically diagnose melasma and other kinds of hyperpigmentation simply by means of looking at the skin. They can also every now and then use a unique mild referred to as a Wood’s mild to take a look at the skin.

A medical doctor or dermatologist will then be capable of creating a remedy plan if necessary.


Hyperpigmentation is a not unusual skin circumstance that can affect many people for many reasons. Types of hyperpigmentation encompass age spots, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Hyperpigmentation is an innocent skin situation that people can dispose of the use of removal strategies including beauty remedies, hyperpigmentation cream, and home remedies.

If someone notices different signs and symptoms along with hyperpigmentation, they need to seek a recommendation from their medical doctor.

If a person wants to treat hyperpigmentation for beauty motives, they can are seeking for recommendation from a dermatologist, who might be able to endorse them on the high-quality treatment methods to be had.

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